Unique Ramadan Practices from Indonesia to Morocco

Ramadan, the holy month of fasting, is observed by Muslims worldwide. While the essence of Ramadan—fasting from dawn till dusk, engaging in prayer, and enhancing spiritual growth—remains consistent, how it is celebrated can be vastly different across cultures. From the vibrant streets of Indonesia to the serene mosques of Morocco, each country adds its unique touch to this sacred month, showcasing the rich tapestry of Islamic traditions.

Ramadan in Indonesia

Indonesia, with the largest Muslim population in the world, has a plethora of unique Ramadan traditions that blend religious observance with local customs.

Traditions and Practices


Ngabuburit refers to the activities Indonesians engage in while waiting for the Maghrib prayer, which signals the end of the daily fast. It often includes leisurely strolls, visiting parks, or shopping for Iftar delicacies.

Bedug Tradition

The Bedug, a large drum, is used to signal the beginning and end of fasting. This age-old tradition is accompanied by lively drumming performances, adding a festive atmosphere to Ramadan evenings.


Padusan is a cleansing ritual performed on the eve of Ramadan. Indonesians bathe in springs, rivers, or the ocean to purify themselves, symbolizing a fresh start for the holy month.

Ramadan in Malaysia

Malaysia’s multicultural society enriches its Ramadan celebrations, blending Malay, Chinese, and Indian influences into a unique tapestry of traditions.

Traditions and Practices

Bazaar Ramadan

One of the most anticipated events in Malaysia during Ramadan is the Bazaar Ramadan, where vendors sell a variety of traditional Malay delicacies, sweets, and drinks, making it a food lover’s paradise.

Bubur Lambuk

Bubur Lambuk, a savory rice porridge, is a staple Iftar dish in Malaysia. It is traditionally prepared in large quantities and distributed to the community, symbolizing sharing and togetherness.

Ramadan in India

India, with its diverse cultural landscape, offers a rich array of Ramadan traditions, particularly influenced by its historical Mughal and Persian connections.

Traditions and Practices

Iftar Delicacies

India’s Iftar spreads are legendary, featuring an array of dishes like samosas, pakoras, and the famous Hyderabadi haleem, a slow-cooked meat and lentil stew that is both hearty and delicious.

Community Iftars

In many Indian cities, mosques and community centers host large communal Iftar meals, bringing together people from different walks of life to break their fast in a spirit of unity and brotherhood.

Ramadan in Egypt

Egypt, with its deep-rooted Islamic traditions, celebrates Ramadan with a unique blend of religious devotion and cultural festivities.

Traditions and Practices


The Fanoos, or Ramadan lantern, is a quintessential symbol of Egyptian Ramadan. These beautifully crafted lanterns are hung in homes and streets, creating a warm and festive ambiance throughout the month.


The Mesaharaty is a traditional drummer who walks through neighborhoods before dawn, waking people up for Suhoor, the pre-dawn meal. This practice, though less common today, adds a nostalgic touch to Egyptian Ramadan mornings.

Ramadan in Turkey

Turkey’s Ramadan celebrations are a vibrant mix of Ottoman heritage and contemporary practices, making it a unique experience for both locals and visitors.

Traditions and Practices

Ramadan Drummers

Similar to Egypt’s Mesaharaty, Turkey has its own Ramadan drummers who roam the streets in the early hours, drumming and singing to wake people for Suhoor.

Haci Bektas Veli

Haci Bektas Veli, a revered figure in Turkish culture, is honored during Ramadan through various ceremonies and gatherings, highlighting the spiritual and communal aspects of the holy month.

Ramadan in Morocco

Morocco’s Ramadan is a blend of Andalusian, Berber, and Arab traditions, creating a unique and rich cultural experience.

Traditions and Practices


Harira, a traditional Moroccan soup made of tomatoes, lentils, and chickpeas, is a staple during Iftar. Its hearty and nourishing qualities make it a perfect dish to break the fast.

Zellige Lanterns

Zellige lanterns, with their intricate mosaic designs, are used to decorate homes and public spaces, adding a touch of Moroccan artistry to the Ramadan celebrations.


Ramadan is a time of spiritual reflection, community, and cultural expression. The diverse practices from Indonesia to Morocco showcase the beauty of Islamic traditions and the rich cultural heritage of the Muslim world. Understanding and respecting these differences not only enriches our appreciation of Ramadan but also fosters a sense of unity and global community.

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